Obsessive Thoughts in Psychiatric Disorders and Their Treatments

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Obsessive Thoughts in Psychiatric Disorders and Their Treatments

Article by David Cambria

You might be afraid of a simple greeting gesture: hand-shakes. One of the most well-known categories of anxiety-related disorders is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The stereotypical characters that come to mind are entertainment figures such as Adrian Monk from the TV show Monk. In such characters, a compulsion to repeat certain motions or activities is uncontrollable, forcing them to waste effort moping and continually trying to guarantee themselves that everything are clean by rinsing their hands or objects repeatedly.

As a disease, real-life OCD may truly be debilitating. Abatement of anticipated risk, a key concern of those with OCD, can indeed take over life. These concerns assume various forms. It can be the hazard of picking up bacteria from touch, or perhaps the peril of growing microorganisms on the body. It can be differing types of revulsions or repeated suspicions about anything – such as if a fire stove has been shut precisely, or whether the side door was locked in the afternoon. To fix this, people with OCD will repeatedly inspect that the stove is really off and the window shut.

Interestingly, those afflicted with OCD are typyically entirely aware of their extreme urges. This is not like other anxiety disorders where there is no awareness of the sufferer’s condition of being out-of-touch with reality. In spite of this alertness, sufferers cannot refrain from partaking in OCD behaviors. Instead, cognizance of the condition usually suggests the sufferer just feels embarrassment. To handle such embarrassment, sufferers satisfy their needs in secrecy. As with other types of anxiety-related disorders, there seems to be a connection to depression. People afflicted with one have a higher likelihood of displaying symptoms of the other. The correlation is imparted to treatment, where SSRI compounds seem useful at treating both OCD-types. This fact has guided many to presume the etiology ( source of disease ) is similar, i.e. related to the decrease of serotonin between neural connections.

There are basically two sorts of treatments for OCDs.

The first is unrelated to medication and is a kind of psychotherapy commonly known as cognitive behavioral therapy. In this kind of psychotherapy, a psychiatrist pushes the subject with OCD to confront his or her concerns by repeated exposure. For example, terrors about microorganisms and contamination would be confronted by the therapist coaxing the sufferer to touch a set of common objects. Persistent exposure, in principle, results in acclimation to fears. There is also treatment which relies on use of prescription medication that suppress OCD traits. Again, two groups comprise these drugs. One class encompasses the SSRIs raise the level of a brain chemical called serotonin, which has the impact of increasing mental serenity. Another class of drugs includes the SNRIs which reduce the brain chemical noradrenaline. Noradrenaline is dissimilar to serotonin: its localization between neurons causes heightened anxiety, depression and other qualities related to OCDs.

Brain science is a growing field that has added much improved undrestanding of OCDs. Despite OCD may be ameliorated by medications and psychotherapy, more comprehensive remission is elusive. At least, there is a belief that a combined treatment of both cognitive behaviorial therapy and prescription medicines has highest effectiveness.

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The author’s information site is about anxiety self help and causes of anxiety.

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